PERIODONTICS

Gum Disease Treatment

Gum Disease Treatment

Any gum diseases have a negative impact on teeth periodontal tissues and could cause permanent damages. Each of such diseases has its own aspects, so let’s take a look at such diseases and their treatment methods.

Gum diseases could be easily mistaken with various inflammations, such as stomatitis or periodontitis.

  • Stomatitis is an inflammatory process affecting mucous membranes of lips, inner checks and tongue. Causes of stomatitis yet to be discovered, however such inflammation is not associated with gum diseases.
  • Periodontitis is another type of inflammation which affects the apex of the tooth root, not the actual gum.
    So the most common Gum Diseases are: ingivitis, periodontitis and periodontal disease.

Gingivitis is considered an adult gum disease. Gingivitis, comparing to other gum diseases has higher frequency, but considered the least dangerous one. Gingivitis is usually caused by improper hygiene care, mechanical or thermal gum injuries, immune system weakening, improper installation of dental prosthetics.

Gum Disease Treatment in Brooklyn NY

Mostly, gingivitis treatment doesn’t require surgical procedures, however, if the disease is not treated in a timely manner, it could lead to more serious consequences.Gingivitis is treated by professional brushing which removes dental plague.

Requires gum treatment using medicines and gels along with the tools to relieve inflamed areas and restore soft tissue structure. Treatment requires massage to strengthen the gums, vitamin complexes, rinses strengthening of the gums with massage, vitamin complexes and rinses with extracts of herbs and plants, such as sorrel, aloe, etc, as well as a solution of chlorhexidine 0.05%.

In some cases, dentist may perform gingivectomy, an excision of the gingival margins. Method is mostly used to treat hypertrophic gingivitis.

What Cause Gum Problems?

Gingivitis is a shallow gingival inflammation around the teeth and there several deferent types of the disease:

  • Catarrhal – the most common type of gingivitis, which provokes gum redness, bleeding, mild itching, pain during eating or teeth brushing.
  • Hypertrophic – causes significant compaction of gum tissue and keratinization of individual sites. Thus, gum tissue becomes dark red and requires medical treatment.
  • Ulcerative type of gingivitis is the most severe one, it affects larger areas of gums and can cause purulent inflammations, death of soft tissues and bad breath.

Gum Disease Symptoms

In some cases, dentist may perform gingivectomy, an excision of the gingival margins. Method is mostly used to treat hypertrophic gingivitis.

Mostly, gingivitis treatment doesn’t require surgical procedures, however, if the disease is not treated in a timely manner, it could lead to more serious consequences.
Gingivitis is treated by professional brushing which removes dental plague.

Periodontitis gum disease often is a result of untreated gingivitis, this stage of disease is more complex and severe. Periodontitis is followed by extensive inflammation, swelling, purulent sacs formation and atrophy of the alveolar processes leading to the tooth neck exposure.

Periodontitis can also be a sign of more serious diseases, such as HIV, diabetes or leukemia.

Timely gum disease treatment is very important and could save a patient a lot of time and money.